Introduction

On today’s generation of students are developing in a technological world. Technology creates a big role for students to deal with their studies as well as the teachers for their teaching. With the use of technology, it is now easy for the teachers to disseminate their learning materials and the students can access to get their learning materials easily. Through technology, education develops to a great level and has now become a need for transforming education for better.

Learning Management System (LMS) is a software application or Web-based technology used to plan, implement, and assess a specific learning process. Typically, a learning management system provides an instructor with a way to create and deliver content, monitor student participation, and assess student performance,(Rouse, 2013). As many people thought to bring computers into the classroom would remove that human element that some learners need, but as time progressed, technology has developed, and now we embrace smartphones and tablets in the classroom and office, as well as using a wealth of interactive designs that makes distance learning not only engaging for the users but valuable as a lesson delivery medium, (virtual-college, 2012).

The researchers develop the system for the Bachelor of Science in Information Systems department of Carlos Hilado Memorial State College Fortune Towne campus. This system will help the students in getting the reliable information. It will also help the teachers to monitor the list of enrolled students. Moreover, this will serve as an avenue and learning tool for the Bachelor of Science in Information Systems Department.

Background of the Study

The ABC is a public educational institution that aims to provide higher technological, professional and vocational instruction and training in science, agriculture and industrial fields. This system can help the teachers to disseminate their learning materials for the students that will incorporate the use of technology with the usual methods of instruction to enhance the quality of learning.

The ABC Bachelor of Science in Information Systems Online Learning Management System utilizes the process of teaching techniques in ABC. The system specifically focuses on the teaching process and also its efficiency and effectiveness. The proposed system will help decrease time and effort of the teachers to disseminate their learning materials and also offers faster and easier task to the faculty and student of Bachelor of Science in Information Systems Department.

Statement of the Objective

The main objective of this study was to develop and design the ABC Bachelor of Science in Information Systems-Online Learning Management System. The project intended to provide efficient and effective monitoring of teachers for their student’s lists and distribution of information and learning materials.

Specifically, this study aims to:

  • Create an ABC BS Information Systems Online Learning Management System;
  • Lessen the effort of distributing the learning materials;
  • Help the student in getting the right information provided by the teacher;
  • Have a platform where the teacher can monitor the list of the enrolled student; and,
  • Lessen the expenses of students in terms of photocopy and printing of learning materials.

Conceptual Framework

This study intends to help the faculty and students of ABC Bachelor of Science in Information Systems department. ABC BS in Information Systems-Online Learning Management System is an online web-based system that can be accessed anywhere. This system will serve as a medium for monitoring students list and distribution of information and learning materials. This conceptual framework shows the efficiency and effectivity of the system.

Conceptual Framework of the System

Scope and Delimitation

ABC Bachelor of Science Information Systems-Online Learning Management System is intended for Bachelor of Science in Information Systems students and teachers. This system will not replace the traditional teaching techniques but can certainly help the quality of education by making a collaborative way of teaching between the teachers and students.

SCOPE

The study covers ABC Bachelor of Science in Information Systems Department. This study focused on allowing the teachers to upload downloadable files; posting an announcement, creating topic and quizzes for the class; creating a message, changing their profile picture as well as their password for the user. A student can register, view and download uploaded files.

DELIMITATION

This study is limited to Carlos Hilado Memorial State College-Fortune Towne Bachelor of Science in Information Systems Department, only for students and teachers of the said department. Only Bachelor of Science in Information Systems teachers have the authority to manage their classes, subject and upload files; It is only applicable with the use of the internet.

Significance of the study

Everything that the proponents created has its significance and importance. The proponents created an online system entitled ABC Bachelor of Science in Information Systems-Online Learning Management System that allows the teachers and the students interact with each other by the use of this system.

There are various people who could benefit from the system like the proponents, the faculty members and institution being studied, the user and the future researchers. For the proponents, this study has increased their learning experiences from devising and smearing ideas by making this documentation to appoint the system. Every proponent studied the system and at the same time, each of them added the ideas that made use of each assigned role effectively. The proponents applied the learnings that they have attained in the past and also learned more while doing the said system.

By doing this study, the proponents increased their learning experiences from devising and smearing ideas to develop the system. The proponents gathered together to make effective and efficient ideas for the effectiveness of the said system. The proponents based on how the present teaching techniques are used in the institutions as the basis of the said system.

The Institution, This study will improve the teaching techniques of the Bachelor of Science in Information Systems Department. This is beneficial for the institution because it can lessen the work and effort of distributing learning materials for the said department.

Using this system, Students can access, and get learning materials. The student users can interact with the other users.

The Teachers, This system can help the teachers to disseminate information and learning materials to their students. The teacher can interact with other users as well.

Future Researchers. This study will serve as a reference for the future projects in relation to the learning management system.

Definition of Terms

To provide a clear medium of communication between the proponents and the readers, the following terms, are defined conceptually and operationally:

Administrator. a person whose job is to manage a company, school, or other organization

Course. A series of lectures or lesson in a particular subject, qualification or program of education leading to a degree or diploma.

Database. Conceptually, the terms refer to a collection of pieces of information that is organized and used on a computer (Merriam-webster,n.d.). As used in this study, this term refers to the centralized storage of students and teachers with information that can be used in the system.

DownloadConceptually, this terms refers to an act of moving or copying a file, program from a usually larger computer system to another computer or device (Merriam-webster, n.d.) As used in this study, this term refers to replication or copying of files from one computer to another.

Files. A self-contained piece of information available to the OS and its programs.

LearningConceptually, this terms refers to the knowledge or skill acquired by instruction or study. The activity or the study of gaining knowledge or skill by studying, practising, being thought, or experiencing something. (Merriam-webster, n.d.)

Learning Management System. Conceptually, this terms refers to the software-based platform that provides infrastructure, framework and tools to facilitate online learning or training (litmos, 2015).

 LessonA distinct unit of learning concerned with teaching the learner a specific skill or understanding of a specific concept.

LoginA process of logging on to a system by entering one’s username and password. It ensures authorization and security of the users.

MaintenanceThe process of maintaining the system and modification of the system to correct errors and improve the performance of the system.

Microsoft Word. Conceptually, this term refers to a word processing program that allows for the creation of both simple and sophisticated documents (cs.umd, n.d.)

Online Learning. A type of distance learning that refers to the use of electronic media and information and communication technologies and education.

PersonnelThe people employed in an organization or the persons that is responsible for managing the organization or school.

PDF (Portable Document Format)Conceptually, this terms refers to a file format that has captured all the elements of a printed document as an electronic image that you can view, navigate, print, or forward to someone else (litmos, 2015)

PPT (Power Point)Conceptually, this terms refers to a complete presentation graphics package. It gives you everything you need to produce a professional-looking presentation. PowerPoint offers word processing, outlining, drawing, graphing, and presentation management tools- all designed to be easy to use and learn (homepage.cs.uri, n.d.)

 UploadTransfer (data or files) from one computer to another.

Review of Related Literature

This chapter includes a compilation of related topics and studies that are relevant to learning management system.

LOCAL RELATED STUDIES

Learning Management System for LPU- Laguna

The term Modular Object-Oriented Dynamic Learning Environment (MOODLE) or simply Moodle is a growing system in the information technology education field. It is a learning management system that uses the web. It is also now a verb that describes the process of doing an online course. Anyone who uses Moodle is a Moodler.  This study was initiated to determine the potential of using an institutional learning management system that will serve as the standard tool for use in the virtual classroom.  The learning management system contains features on enrolment, roles, course management, course report, and modules on assignment, chat, forum, glossary, lesson, quiz, survey, and workshop.  A series of initial tests were conducted to advance the knowledge of the researchers about Moodle and propagate the learning to the end users (the institution). The establishment of a learning management system is composed of the Moodle software, a server, and a web hosting site. The LMS was evaluated by the student respondents in four areas: the system, the technical support, functions and capabilities, and the tools and were found to generally good and acceptable, (Dellosa et. al, 2012).

Electronic Pupil Interactive Learning System

The study was conducted to support the preschool classroom management through developing an LMS, entitled Electronic Pupil Learning System (EPILS) tailored to meet the level of understanding of a kindergarten; a convenient way for teachers to give and assess activities; for the principal to post announcements, news, and events; and for parents to monitor their children pertaining to their classroom activities. The users need a computer or a phone to use the system. The problem system that enabled the researcher to come up with EPILS, as the solution, is: in the traditional classroom setting, it is time-consuming for teachers to prepare and create a template for pupil’s activities; lack of classroom interactivity tool in supporting learner-centered education suited for kindergarten pupils; parents cannot fully track the performance of their children pertaining to classroom activities; lack of information to parents regarding school events and news, ( Serion, 2015).

FOREIGN RELATED STUDIES

ClassNet              

The management system for Internet-based instruction is called ClassNet and provides the following services: creation of a class by an instructor, enrollment in the class by students, creation of tests and assignments, student submission and automatic grading of materials, student and class scores, discussion forums and chat rooms, e-mail between students and instructors, and portfolio development by students.

ATutor Learning Management System

ATutor is an Open Source Web-based Learning Management System (LMS) used to develop and deliver online courses. Administrators can install or update ATutor in minutes, develop custom themes to give ATutor a new look, and easily extend its functionality with feature modules. Educators can quickly assemble, package, and redistribute Web-based instructional content, easily import prepackaged content, and

Conduct their courses online. Students learn in an accessible, adaptive, social learning environment.

Related Systems Summary Table

Table 1.0: System Comparison Table

System Comparison Table

Table 1.0 shows the features of our system in the first column compared to the related systems on the succeeding columns.

Synthesis

The studies and literature discussed were related to the proponents ABC Bachelor of Science in Information Systems-Online Learning Management System. The proponents analyzed and evaluated the related systems based on its features. The related system has been a basis of the proponents to be able to develop a ABC Bachelor of Science in Information Systems-Online Learning Management System to a better functionality. The proponents realized that the related systems have some features would help the system to be secured and accurate with the outcome that is meant to have.

Methodology

In this chapter, the proponents introduce the research strategy and techniques applied in this research.

The proponents follow the standard system development life cycle (SDLC) to describe and present solutions for the problems identified in this study, using the Iterative and Incremental Waterfall Model.

The concept behind the iterative and incremental method is to develop a system through repeated cycles (iterative) and in smaller portions at a time (incremental), allowing software developers to take advantage of what was learned during the development of earlier parts or versions of the system. Therefore, the proponents found it fit to explain the project in a simpler and easier to understand manner. Basic processes are as follows: Planning, Analysis, Design, Development, Testing, Implementation, and Maintenance Phases.

Planning Phase

The Proponent identified the Bachelor of Science in Information Systems Department as the subject for the study. The proponent gathered information to the Bachelor of Science in Information System Department faculty and students to find out the problems encountered in the said program. The proponents determined that in order to meet the needs of the Bachelor of Science in Information System Faculty and students, an online Learning Management System should be developed.

Analysis Phase

In this phase, the proponents used the interview method to gather the important data to determine the problem of the Bachelor of Science in Information Systems Department faculty and students in disseminating and getting of learning materials. With the data gathered, it helped to identify the needs of Bachelor of Science in Information System faculty and students.

Design Phase

iterative and incremental waterfall model

Figure 2: Iterative and Incremental Waterfall Model

The proponents used various laptops and computer, with the operating system of Windows 7 and the latest version of OS; Sublime Text to edit text for HTML;  BOOTSTRAP for the markup languages; and JavaScript for a scripting language. For the design development, the proponents used CSS in order to make the system clear and easy to access. The proponents used PHP for a server-side scripting language and MySQL for the database.

Developmental Phase

In this phase, the system was being developed. This was where the making of the different physical features, documentation and coding were done.

Implementation Phase

The system will be implemented online. It was developed to help the teachers of Bachelor of Science in Information Systems Department to disseminate their learning materials online.

Maintenance Phase

The system required maintenance every month in order to keep the system’s functionalities on dissemination of learning materials for the users.

Testing Phase

In the testing phase, the proponents invited the organization’s instructors and various students of the said department to test the effectiveness of the system.

User’s Acceptance Survey

ABC Bachelor of Science in Information System Learning Management System

 Introduction:

End-User Satisfaction is the primary goal of process improvement for software development programs. Your opinion, therefore, is of primary importance. Please take time to fill up this survey questionnaire.

This survey can provide both management and the software developers with the information they need to determine their end-user’s level of satisfaction with their software products and with the services associated with those products. The information provided by the survey can help identify opportunities for ongoing process improvements and to monitor the impact of those improvements.

This survey is based on the de facto McCall’s Quality Standard and the ISO 9126 standard: Information Technology – Software Product Evaluation – Quality Characteristics and Guidelines for Their Use, which defines quality characteristics for software product evaluation.

Survey Demographics:

Please fill out the necessary Information.

Name:                                                                                                        

Position(s) Held:                                                                                         

 Instructions for completing the Survey:

This survey has questions for each of the system quality performance requirements of EFFECTIVENESS (functionality), EFFICIENCY (usage simplicity), QUALITY (information quality), TIMELINESS (expected usefulness), and PRODUCTIVITY (self-efficiency).

Survey Proper:

Please indicate the level of satisfaction and the importance of each of the following characteristics of the system.

On a scale of 1 to 5, ENCIRCLE the appropriate number that indicates how satisfied you are with each of the following items. A score of 1 being VERY DISSATISFIED (VD) and 5 being VERY SATISFIED (VS).

In the Comment section after each question, please include reasons for your satisfaction or dissatisfaction with this item including specific examples where possible. You may include sample forms/ documents to support your need.

 (1) Effectiveness:

This is an evaluation measure of the level of functionality of the developed Information System. 

1. Completeness and Accuracy of the System. The ability to Satisfaction
provide correct and complete document contents to the memo VD VS
recipients. 1 2 3 4 5
Comments:
2. Report Generation. The ability to provide correct and complete Satisfaction
documents required by the user with minimum idle time. VD VS
1 2 3 4 5
Comments:
3. Search, Retrieval and Dissemination of Required Satisfaction
Information. The ability to access, create and disseminated VD VS
required information. 1 2 3 4 5
Comments:
4. Report Generation Flexibility. The ability to provide printable Satisfaction
reports in a format required by a user. VD VS
1 2 3 4 5
Comments:

 (2) Efficiency:

This is an evaluation measure of the expected usage simplicity of the current or developed Information System. 

1. Ease of Use. The ability of the user to easily perform required tasks. Satisfaction
VD VS
1 2 3 4 5
Comments:
2. The complexity of the Task. User-friendliness or learnability to Satisfaction
perform the task. VD VS
1 2 3 4 5
Comments:
3. Task Accuracy. Ability to perform the tasks or function Satisfaction
without errors or problems. VD VS
1 2 3 4 5
Comments:

  (3) Quality:

This is an evaluation measure of the information quality produced by the current or developed Information System.

1. Report Content. Ability to easily produce accurate and Satisfaction
complete documents to the user. VD VS
1 2 3 4 5
Comments:
2. Report Flexibility. Ability to easily produce documents, in a Satisfaction
format and content useful to the user. VD VS
1 2 3 4 5
Comments:
3. Report Turnaround Time. Ability to easily produce reports in Satisfaction
time to be useful to the user. VD VS
1 2 3 4 5
Comments:
4. Report Consistency. Ability to easily produce documents that Satisfaction
are consistent with other reports. VD VS
1 2 3 4 5
Comments:

 (4) Timeliness:

This is an evaluation measure of the expected usefulness of the developed Information System.

1. System Accessibility. The system is accessible to users Satisfaction
whenever they need it. VD VS
1 2 3 4 5
Comments:
2. System Adaptability. The system can easily be altered or adapted to Satisfaction
new conditions and demands. VD VS
1 2 3 4 5
Comments:
3. Data Security. The system ensures data security by allowing access Satisfaction
to authorized personnel only. VD VS
1 2 3 4 5
Comments:
4. Achievement of Goals. The system provides the necessary Satisfaction
functionality to achieve its purpose in line with the VD VS
organizational goals. 1 2 3 4 5
Comments:

 (5) Productivity:

This is an evaluation measure of the self-efficiency of Information System user in the use of the current or developed Information System.

1. User Assistance. Provides the user with procedural Satisfaction
documentation to minimize operational errors. VD VS
1 2 3 4 5
Comments:
2. Throughput. Ability to provide required documents in the Satisfaction
shortest time possible. VD VS
1 2 3 4 5
Comments:
3. Decision Support. Ability to provide required information Satisfaction
needed for decision making. VD VS
1 2 3 4 5
Comments:
Overall, how satisfied are you with the system? Satisfaction
VD VS
1 2 3 4 5
Comments:

System Architecture

System Architecture

Figure 3: System Architecture

Figure 3 displays the network structural design of the system wherein the user are required to access the system through browsers that have an internet connection and capable to operate the preferred functions of the system (CHMSC-FT BSIS Learning Management System).

Requirements Specification

Operational Feasibility

Mainly, the goal of the system is to develop the following functionalities:

  1. The ABC Bachelor of Science in Information System-Online Learning Management System provides an assistance to the faculty members of Bachelor of Science in Information Systems Department in terms of distributing learning materials to their student.
  2. This System provides an organized system which helps the faculty members to monitors the list of their student, uploaded files and class.
  3. This System has a notification for the student when they received Topics, Quiz, Announcement and files uploaded by their class teachers.
  4. This System allows the teachers to upload files and students to download files.
  5. This System allows the teachers and students to communicate through a message.
  6. This System is an online web-based system that can be accessed anywhere that has internet access.
  7. An only authorized person can manage the record of the system.

All of this functions do not change the whole process of teaching techniques for the said department. Future problems in the implementation are expected to be negligible.

Program Environment

Front End 

The front end is the system architecture for a user. The front end is where the user input their data and then processing it for the completion of the request made by the user.  In this study, the proponents used PHP language for scripting, while HTML, BOOTSTRAP and JQuery for user interphase. The proponents used CSS codes for the design.

Back End 

The Backend is the Server side of the system. In this study, the proponents used PHP for the server scripting language and MySQL for the database.

Technical Feasibility

Hardware Specifications (Minimum Requirements)

Client:

  • Dual-Core Processor
  • 4GB RAM
  • 1GB Disk Space
  • 500MB Video Card

Server:

  • Core i5 Processor
  • 1TB Hard Drive
  • 1GB Video Card
  • 4GB Internal Memory

Software Specifications (Minimum Requirements)

Client:

  • Google Chrome Version: 0.2743
  • Internet Explorer 11
  • Mozilla Firefox 37.0
  • Windows 7 (or later) Operating System

Server:

  • XAMPP

Feasibility Schedule

The feasibility schedule contains the record of the amount of time that the proponents spent on the developing the system.

Gantt chart

Gantt Chart

Figure 4: Gantt chart

Figure 4 shows the Gantt chart of the tasks that had been done by the proponents with the time allotted for the establishment of the entire system.

Cost Benefit Analysis

Cost-Benefit Analysis or CBA estimates and sums up the equivalent money value of the benefits & costs of the system in order to determine whether it is profitable or worth the investment.

Developmental Cost Duration Monthly Cost Total Amount
Programmer 6 months Php 4,500.00 Php 27,000.00
System Analyst 6 months 5,500.00 33,000.00
Project Manager 6 months 6,500.00 39,000.00
Office Supplies 6 months 150.00 900,00
Internet Connection (PLDT) 6 months 1,500.00 9,000.00
Electricity 6 months 240.00 1,440.00
Total Php 109,440.00

Table 2.0: Developmental Cost

Table 2.0 shows the total developmental cost of the proposed system. It indicates proponents’ salary and the cost of researching and forming of the research system.

Table 2.1: Operational Cost

Operational Cost Duration Monthly Cost Total Amount
Electricity 12 months Php 950.00 Php 11,400.00
Maintenance Fee 12 months 1,025.00 12,300.00
Internet Connection (PLDT) 12 months 1,500.00 18,000.00
Total     Php 41,700.00

Table 2.1 above shows the operational cost of the proposed system. It contains the maintenance cost and expense in using the proposed system.

Table 2.2: Total Developmental and Operational Cost

Total Amount
Total Developmental Cost Php 109,440.00
Total Operational Cost 41,700.00
Total Php 151,140.00

The table shows the total cost of the development and operation of the proposed system.

Table 2.3: Benefits of the System

Benefits of the System (Annually) Amount/Value
The efficiency of work/output of Employee Php 54,240.00
Work management of Employee 54,240.00
Toner 1,400.00
Bondpaper 600.00
Total Php 110,480.00

 

Table 2.3 above shows the computed benefits of the researched system to the institution. The proponents have researched on what are the presumed amounts or value of each item that will benefit the institution over its traditional method per year.

Table 2.4: Cost-Benefit Analysis

Return of investment

Table 2.4: Cost-Benefit Analysis

Return on Investment 68%

 Table 2.4 shows the cost-benefit analysis of the system. Each figure has corresponding data as shown in the table. The payback period came out as 2.75 with an ROI of 68%.

Entity Relationship Diagram

ERD

Figure 5: Entity Relationship Diagram

ERD

Figure 6: Entity Relationship Diagram

This Entity Relationship Diagram shows the various entities, their roles, attributes, and relationships.

Data Flow Diagram

Data Flow Diagram

Figure 7: Explosion Zero of Data flow Diagram (Gane & Sarson)

Figure 7 Shows the activity flow and processes of the whole system. It shows how system organizes the processes that the users can do.

Data Flow Diagram

Figure 8: Level 1 Explosion of Data flow Diagram (Gane & Sarson)

Figure 8 shows the activity flow and processes of the whole system. It shows how system organizes the processes that the users can do.

Data Dictionary

Table 3.0 Data Dictionary of the System

Data Field Type Description
User Table
user_id INT(10)  This refers to the primary key of the table
username VARCHAR(100)  Username of the user
password VARCHAR(100)  Password of the user
firstname VARCHAR(100)  First name of  user
lastname VARCHAR(100)  Lastname of  user
Data Field Type Description
User_Log Table
user_log_id INT(10)  This refers to the primary key of the table
Username VARCHAR(100)  Username
login_date VARCHAR(100)  The date where user login
logout_date VARCHAR(100)  The date where the user logout
user_id INT (10)  User Id of user
Data Field Type Description
Student Table
student_id INT(10)  This refers to the primary key of the table
Firstname VARCHAR(100)  Firstname of student
Lastname VARCHAR(100)  Lastname of student
class_id VARCHAR(100)  Class Id
Username VARCHAR(100)  Username of student
Password VARCHAR(100)  Password of the student
Location VARCHAR(100)  Location of pictures
Status VARCHAR(100)  Registered or Not Registered
school_year VARCHAR(100)  Student year enrolled
year_level VARCHAR(100)  Student standing
Data Field Type Description
Teacher Table
teacher_id INT(10)  This refers to the primary key of the table
Firstname VARCHAR(100)  Firstname of teacher
Lastname VARCHAR(100)  Lastname of teacher
Username VARCHAR(100)  Username of teacher
Password VARCHAR(100)  Password of teacher
Location VARCHAR(100)  Location of pictures
teacher_status VARCHAR(100)  Active or Inactive
Status VARCHAR(100)  Registered or UnRegistered
Data Field Type Description
Teacher Class Table
teacher_class_id INT(10)  This refers to the primary key of the table
teacher_id INT(10)  Teacher Id
class_id VARCHAR(100)  Class Id
subject_id VARCHAR(100)  Subject Id
Thumbnails INT(10)  Picture of the class
school_year VARCHAR(100)  School year of class
Semester VARCHAR(50)  Semester of class
Data Field Type Description
Teacher Class Student Table
teacher_class_

student-id

INT(10)  This refers to the primary key of the table
teacher_class_id INT(10)  Teacher Class Id
student_id VARCHAR(100)  Student Id
teacher_id VARCHAR(100)  Teacher Id
Data Field Type Description
Teacher Class Announcements Table
teacher_class_

announcements-id

INT(10)  This refers to the primary key of the table
Content INT(10)  Details of the announcement
teacher_id VARCHAR(100)  Teacher Id
teacher_class_id VARCHAR(100)  Teacher Class Id
Date VARCHAR(100)  Date of announcement
Data Field Type Description
Subject Table
subject_id INT(10)  This refers to the primary key of the table
subject_code VARCHAR(100)  Code of the subject
subject_title VARCHAR(100)  Title of the subject
Description LONGTEXT  Description of the subject
Unit VARCHAR(100)  Total hours of subject
Semester VARCHAR(100)  1st or 2nd semester
Year VARCHAR(50)  Year standing
Data Field Type Description
Class Table
class_id INT(10) This refers to the primary key of the table
class_name VARCHAR(100)  Name of Class
year_level VARCHAR(50)  Year of the Class
Data Field Type Description
Class_Topic
class_topic_id INT(10)  This refers to the primary key of the table
teacher_class_id INT(10)  Teacher Class Id
topic_id INT(10)  Topic Id
Data Field Type Description
Topic Table
topic_id INT(10)  This refers to the primary key of the table
Title VARCHAR(100)  Title of the topic
Content VARCHAR(100)  Content of the topic
date_added VARCHAR(100)  Date where topic added
teacher_id INT(10)  Teacher Id
Data Field Type Description
Class_Quiz Table
class_quiz_id INT(10)  This refers to the primary key of the table
teacher_class_id INT(10)  Teacher Class Id
quiz-time VARCHAR(100)  Duration of time in taking the quiz
quiz_id INT(10)  Quiz Id
Data Field Type Description
Files Table
file_id INT(10)  This refers to the primary key of the table
Floc INT(10)  Where the files are stored
Fdatein VARCHAR(100)  The date where the files uploaded
Fdesc VARCHAR(100)  Description of the files
teacher_id INT(10)  Teacher Id
class_id INT(10)  Class Id
Fname VARCHAR(100)  Name of file
uploaded_by VARCHAR(100)  Name of the user who uploads the files
Data Field Type Description
Message Table
message_id INT(10)  This refers to the primary key of the table
receiver_id INT(10)  Receiver Id
Content VARCHAR(100)  Content of the message
date_added VARCHAR(100)  Date where the message added
sender_id INT(10)  Sender Id
receiver_name VARCHAR(100)  The name who will receive the message
sender_name VARCHAR(100)  The name one initiate the message
message_status VARCHAR(100)  Read or not read the message
Data Field Type Description
Message Sent Table
message_id INT(10)  This refers to the primary key of the table
receiver_id INT(10)  Receiver Id
Content VARCHAR(100)  Content of the message
date_added VARCHAR(100)  Date where the message added
sender_id INT(10)  Sender Id
receiver_name VARCHAR(100)  The name who will receive the message
sender_name VARCHAR(100)  The name one initiate the message
Data Field Type Description
School Year Table
school_year_id INT(10)  This refers to the primary key of the table
school_year VARCHAR(100)  School Year
Semester VARCHAR(50)  Semester of the school year
Status VARCHAR(50)  Present or past
Data Field Type Description
Notification Table
notification_id INT(10) R Refers to the primary key of the table
teacher_class_id INT(10)  Teacher Class Id
Notification VARCHAR(100)  Content of notification
date_of_notification VARCHAR(100)  The date of notification
Link VARCHAR(100)  Link where the notification send
Data Field Type Description
Notification Read Table
notification_read

_id

INT(10)  This refers to the primary key of the table
student_id INT(10)  Student Id
student_read VARCHAR(100)  Student read the notification or not
notification_id VARCHAR(100)  Notification Id
Data Field Type Description
Quiz Table
quiz_id INT(10)  This refers to the primary key of the table
quiz_title VARCHAR(100)  Title of the quiz
quiz_description VARCHAR(100)  Content of the quiz
date_added VARCHAR(100)  Date where quiz added
teacher_id  Teacher Id
Data Field Type Description
Quiz Answer Table
quiz_answer_id INT(10)  This refers to the primary key of the table
quiz_question_id VARCHAR(100)  Quiz Question Id
answer_content VARCHAR(100)  Content answer of the quiz
Choices VARCHAR(100)  Choices of the quiz
Data Field Type Description
Quiz Type Table
quiz_type_id INT(10)  This refers to the primary key of the table
question_type VARCHAR(100)  Type of question
Data Field Type Description
Quiz Question Table
quiz_question_id INT(10)  This refers to the primary key of the table
quiz_ id INT(10)  Quiz Id
question_content VARCHAR(100)  Question of the quiz
Points VARCHAR(100)  Score equivalent base on the quiz
date_added VARCHAR(100)  Date where quiz added
Score VARCHAR(100)  Final score of your quiz
Data Field Type Description
Requests Table
Id INT(10)  This refers to the primary key of the table
subject_ id INT(10)  Subject Id
student_id INT(10)  Student Id
Status VARCHAR(50)  Taken or inlisted the subject
school_year VARCHAR(50) Year where the student requests the subject
Semester VARCHAR(50)  1st or 2nd semester

Presentation, Analysis and Presentation of Data

This chapter will exhibit the results of the User’s Survey conducted for the system ABC Bachelor of Science in Information Systems-Online Learning Management System which will be implemented at the Bachelor of Science in Information Systems department of ABC.

Presentation

The researchers demonstrate the system to the randomly selected respondents. The researchers observed how the respondents respond and show their understanding of technology with concerns to the system. Using User-Acceptance questionnaire provided by the capstone project adviser, researchers evaluate those respondents and gathered some data for the bases of statistical formulas afterwards.

Data Analysis

For the Data Analysis, this is where the analysis of data gathered from the respondents from Bachelor of Science in Information Systems department.

Characteristics of the Respondents

The population where being studied is composed of teachers and students of Bachelor of Science in Information Systems department. The researchers got thirty 30 respondents from the said department.

Table 4.0: Frequency of Respondents

Respondents Frequency
Teachers 3
Students 27
Total 30

This table shows the frequency of respondents who have answered the User-Acceptability Survey. The researchers got a total of 30 respondents.

Reliability Testing

          The data gathered by the proponents have undergone reliability testing. An acceptable Cronbach’s Alpha of 0.700 is needed in order for the data gathered to be reliable.

Table 5.0: Reliability Test Result

  Cronbach’s Alpha
Acceptable 0.700
Data Gathered 0.986

 

This table shows the result of reliability testing undergone by the data gathered from the User-Acceptance Survey. A Cronbach’s Alpha of 0.986 shows that the data gathered is reliable.

Interpretation of Data

The instrument wanted to access the perception of the users in terms of five (5) categories namely: Effectiveness, Efficiency, Quality, Timeliness and Productivity. The first category was composed of four (4) items, the second category was composed of three (3) items, and the third, fourth and last categories were composed of four (4) items. The rating scale was 1 to 5 with 1 as very dissatisfied, 2 as dissatisfied, 3 as neutral, 4 as satisfied and 5 as very satisfied.

Table 6.0: Rating Scale

Range of Mean Verbal Interpretation
4.21 – 5.00 Very Satisfied
3.41 – 4.20 Satisfied
2.61 – 3.40 Neutral
1.81 – 2.60 Dissatisfied
1.00 – 1.80 Very Dissatisfied

This table shows the range of mean and its verbal interpretation.

Table 7.0: Survey Result for Effectiveness

Effectiveness

Question 1 Question 2 Question 3 Question 4 TOTAL
Mean 4.233 4.2 4.467 4.4 4.325

 

The table above shows that effectiveness as a whole has an average weighted mean of 4.325 interpreted as Very Satisfied. The subcategories of which like Completeness and Accuracy of the System, the ability to provide correct and complete document, 4.233 interpreted as Very Satisfied; Report Generation, the ability to provide correct and complete document required by the user with minimum idle time, 4.2 interpreted as Satisfied; Search, Retrieval and Dissemination of Required Information, the ability to access, create and disseminate required information, 4.466667 interpreted as Very Satisfied; and Report Generation Flexibility, the ability to provide printable reports in a format required by the user, 4.4 interpreted as Very Satisfied.

Table 7.1: Survey Result for Efficiency

Efficiency

Question 1 Question 2 Question 3 TOTAL
Mean 4.5 4.6 4.5 4.533333

 

The table above shows that efficiency as a whole has an average weighted mean of 4.533333 interpreted as Very Satisfied. The subcategories of which like Ease of Use, the ability of the user to easily perform required tasks, 4.5 interpreted as Very Satisfied; Complexity of the Task, the learnability to perform tasks, 4.6 interpreted as Very Satisfied; and Task Accuracy, the ability to perform tasks without errors, 4.5 interpreted as Very Satisfied.

 

Table 7.2: Survey Result for Quality

Quality

Question 1 Question 2 Question 3 Question 4 TOTAL
Mean 4.333333 4.433333 4.433333 4.466667 4.416667

 

The table above shows that quality as a whole has an average weighted mean of 4.416667 interpreted as Very Satisfied. The subcategories of which like Report Content, the ability to produce accurate documents to users, 4.333333 interpreted as Very Satisfied; Report Flexibility, the ability to produce documents in a format useful to users, 4.433333 interpreted as Very Satisfied; Report Turnaround Time, the ability to produce reports in time to users, 4.433333 interpreted as Very Satisfied; and Report Consistency, the ability to produce documents that are consistent with other reports, 4.466667 interpreted as Very Satisfied.

Table 7.3: Survey Result for Timeliness

Timeliness

Question 1 Question 2 Question 3 Question 4 TOTAL
Mean 4.266667 4.366667 4.366667

4.366667

6

4.466667 4.366667

 

The table above shows that timeliness as a whole has an average weighted mean of 4.366667 interpreted as Very Satisfied. The subcategories of which like System Accessibility, the system is accessible to users whenever they need it, 4.366667 interpreted as  Very Satisfied; System Adaptability, the system can easily adapt to new demands, 4.366667 interpreted as Very Satisfied; Data Security, the system allows access to authorized personnel, 4.366667 interpreted as Very Satisfied; and Achievement of Goals, the system provides the necessary functionality to achieve its purpose in line with the organizational goals, 4.466667 interpreted as Very Satisfied.

Table 7.4: Survey Result for Productivity

Productivity

Question 1 Question 2 Question 3 Question 4 TOTAL
Mean 4.4 4.4 4.566667 4.455556

 The table above shows that productivity as a whole has an average weighted mean of 4.455556 interpreted as Very Satisfied. The subcategories of which like User Assistance, provides the user with procedural documentation to minimize operational errors, 4.4 interpreted as 4.566667 Very Satisfied; Throughput, the ability to provide required documents in the shortest time possible, 4.4 interpreted as Very Satisfied; Decision Support, the ability to provide required information needed for decision making, 4.566667 interpreted as Very Satisfied; and Overall, 4.3190 interpreted as Very Satisfied.

 

Summary of Findings, Conclusions and Recommendations

This chapter presents the summary or the research work undertaken, the conclusions drawn and the recommendations made as an outgrowth of this study.

Summary of findings                                                                

This study was conducted for the purpose of creating an easier, faster and more accessible platform for acquiring of learning materials to the user. After analysing the gathered data and series of a survey we come up with the following problem in disseminating the accurate information.

ABC Bachelor of Science in Information System Online Learning Management System is done to lessen time and effort in the distribution of learning materials and for the students to access the information even outside the classroom. This system integrates the use of technology to the usual method of instruction to help the quality of learning.

Conclusion

To sum up, the proponents found that the system is functional and accessible. This system is for the teachers and the students to have a communication even outside the classroom.

It gives the user the ability to acquire reliable learning resources accessible on the internet that will help the student and the teachers to disseminate their learning materials. It can enhance student learning by providing information from the teachers.

Recommendation

Based on the information gathered, the proponents presumed that the system is accessible to users. It is found effective and consistent in disseminating information to the users. The system was able to perform the necessary features which have been stated in the scope and objectives.

For the future researchers, the proponents recommend to enhance the features of the system and try to incorporate the use of SMS for notification. Also, the institution may widen the coverage of the system not only for the BSIS faculty and students but also to the other programs that are being offered by the institution.

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